Configure Ingress for load balancing

Learn how to configure Ingress settings for load balancing (layer-7)

Ingress is the name used to describe an API object that manages external access to the services in a cluster. Typically, an ingress exposes HTTP and HTTPS routes from outside the cluster to services running within the cluster.

The object is called an ingress because it acts as a gateway for inbound traffic. The ingress receives inbound requests and routes them according to the rules you defined for the ingress resource as part of your cluster configuration.

This tutorial demonstrates how to expose an application running on the Konvoy cluster by configuring an Ingress for load balancing (layer-7).

Before you begin

Before starting this tutorial, you should verify the following:

  • You must have access to a Linux, macOS, or Windows computer with a supported operating system version.

  • You must have a properly deployed and running cluster. For information about deploying Kubernetes with default settings, see the Quick start.

Expose a pod using an Ingress (L7)

  1. Deploy two web application Pods on your Kubernetes cluster by running the following command:

    kubectl run --restart=Never --image hashicorp/http-echo --labels app=http-echo-1 --port 80 http-echo-1 -- -listen=:80 --text="Hello from http-echo-1"
    kubectl run --restart=Never --image hashicorp/http-echo --labels app=http-echo-2 --port 80 http-echo-2 -- -listen=:80 --text="Hello from http-echo-2"
    
  2. Expose the Pods with a service type of NodePort by running the following commands:

    kubectl expose pod http-echo-1 --port 80 --target-port 80 --type NodePort --name "http-echo-1"
    kubectl expose pod http-echo-2 --port 80 --target-port 80 --type NodePort --name "http-echo-2"
    
  3. Create the Ingress to expose the application to the outside world by running the following command:

    cat <<EOF | kubectl create -f -
    apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
    kind: Ingress
    metadata:
      name: echo
    spec:
      rules:
      - host: "http-echo-1.com"
        http:
          paths:
          - backend:
              serviceName: http-echo-1
              servicePort: 80
      - host: "http-echo-2.com"
        http:
          paths:
          - backend:
              serviceName: http-echo-2
              servicePort: 80
    EOF
    

    The configuration settings in this example illustrates:

    • setting the kind to Ingress.
    • setting the serviceName to be exposed as each backend.
  4. Run the following command to get the URL of the load balancer created on AWS for the Traefik service:

    kubectl get svc traefik-kubeaddons -n kubeaddons
    

    This command displays the internal and external IP addresses for the exposed service.

    NAME                 TYPE           CLUSTER-IP    EXTERNAL-IP                                                             PORT(S)                                     AGE
    traefik-kubeaddons   LoadBalancer   10.0.24.215   abf2e5bda6ca811e982140acb7ee21b7-37522315.us-west-2.elb.amazonaws.com   80:31169/TCP,443:32297/TCP,8080:31923/TCP   4h22m
    
  5. Validate that you can access the web application Pods by running the following commands:

    curl -k -H "Host: http-echo-1.com" https://abf2e5bda6ca811e982140acb7ee21b7-37522315.us-west-2.elb.amazonaws.com
    curl -k -H "Host: http-echo-2.com" https://abf2e5bda6ca811e982140acb7ee21b7-37522315.us-west-2.elb.amazonaws.com